The main town of the island is Salamina or Koulouri, a modern small town in which uncontrolled construction has left no trace of the past. In the archeological museum of the city, objects are exhibited that have been excavated on the island, especially jewelry and vessels. Six kilometers northwest of the main town is the monastery Faneromeni with rich Byzantine design and a worth seeing representation of the “Last Judgment”. Southeast of the city, near Ambelakia, there are a few remains of the acropolis of ancient Salamis, and the remnants of ancient buildings are found on the seabed. A little further south, the Battle of Salamis was fought in the Gulf of Ambelaki. 6 km southwest of the village Salamina lies Moulki, also called Alantio. This is beautifully located near a pine forest.
At a short distance from it, at the point called the Colone, one sees the sparse remains of an ancient city, which is believed to have been that of the Homeric king Aiantas Teamonios, a Homeric hero before Troy.
Geography and history:
Salamis is the closest island from Athens, and is located in the entrance to the bay of Elevsina, with only narrow passages between the island and the adjacent shores of the mainland. Its land covers 94 km2 and the coasts are 105 km long. The island is, with 30,000 inhabitants, relatively densely populated.
The most significant event in the history of this small island was the Battle of Salamis (480 BC), which was fought in the surrounding straits between the fleet of the Greeks and the Persians and ended with a devastating defeat of the Persians. As the story went on, the island was ruled successively by the Macedonians, the Romans, the Byzantines, and finally the Turks. From the Turkish rule, the island freed itself with the revolution in